WEIGHT: 1-6 pounds
COAT: Short and smooth; or long and soft with fringing
COLOR: Any color
REGISTRY: FCI, ARC, UKC, TKC, CKC, AKC
Chihuahuas first came to prominence in Mexico City around 1895', reaching El Paso, Texas, shortly thereafter. Dog lovers in the USA refined and perfected the little dog of Mexico—and soon the breed was listed as the top toy in the States. He has maintained his appeal as a companion dog.
The long-coated version was probably produced in the USA, crossing smooth Chihuahuas with other toys like the Papillon, Pomeranian and so on.
Their tiny bodies hide large hearts, making them a favorite for the elderly and those in apartments. They are playful and graceful, with large ears emphasizing their alert appearance. Due to their tiny size (some as small as one pound!), they are not the choice for rowdy families or outdoor living. Breeding and health problems are accentuated in the tiniest specimens. The mollera, or open soft spot on the top of the skull, is usually found in the majority of Chihuahuas and is allowed by the standard.
Chihuahua Breed Standard
A graceful, alert, swift-moving little dog with saucy expression, compact, and with terrier-like qualities of temperament.
Size, Proportion, Substance
Weight - A well balanced little dog not to exceed 6 pounds. Proportion - The body is off-square; hence, slightly longer when measured from point of shoulder to point of buttocks, than height at the withers. Somewhat shorter bodies are preferred in males. Disqualification - Any dog over 6 pounds in weight.
A well rounded "apple dome" skull, with or without molera. Expression - Saucy. Eyes - Full, but not protruding, balanced, set well apart-luminous dark or luminous ruby. (Light eyes in blond or white-colored dogs permissible.) Ears - Large, erect type ears, held more upright when alert, but flaring to the sides at a 45 degree angle when in repose, giving breadth between the ears. Muzzle - Moderately short, slightly pointed. Cheeks and jaws lean. Nose - Self-colored in blond types, or black. In moles, blues, and chocolates, they are self-colored. In blond types, pink nose permissible. Bite - Level or scissors. Overshot or undershot bite, or any distortion of the bite or jaw, should be penalized as a serious fault. Disqualifications - Broken down or cropped ears.
Neck, Topline, Body
Neck - Slightly arched, gracefully sloping into lean shoulders. Topline - Level. Body - Ribs rounded and well sprung (but not too much "barrel-shaped"). Tail - Moderately long, carried sickle either up or out, or in a loop over the back, with tip just touching the back. (Never tucked between legs.) Disqualifications - Cropped tail, bobtail.
Shoulders - Lean, sloping into a slightly broadening support above straight forelegs that set well under, giving a free play at the elbows. Shoulders should be well up, giving balance and soundness, sloping into a level back. (Never down or low.) This gives a chestiness, and strength of forequarters, yet not of the "Bulldog" chest. Feet - A small, dainty foot with toes well split up but not spread, pads cushioned. (Neither the hare nor the cat foot.) Pasterns - Fine.
Muscular, with hocks well apart, neither out nor in, well let down, firm and sturdy. The feet are as in front.
In the Smooth Coats, the coat should be of soft texture, close and glossy. (Heavier coats with undercoats permissible.) Coat placed well over body with ruff on neck preferred, and more scanty on head and ears. Hair on tail preferred furry. In Long Coats, the coat should be of a soft texture, either flat or slightly curly, with undercoat preferred. Ears - Fringed. (Heavily fringed ears may be tipped slightly if due to the fringes and not to weak ear leather, never down.) Tail - Full and long (as a plume). Feathering on feet and legs, pants on hind legs and large ruff on the neck desired and preferred. Disqualification - In Long Coats, too thin coat that resembles bareness.
Any color-Solid, marked or splashed.
The Chihuahua should move swiftly with a firm, sturdy action, with good reach in front equal to the drive from the rear. From the rear, the hocks remain parallel to each other, and the foot fall of the rear legs follows directly behind that of the forelegs. The legs, both front and rear, will tend to converge slightly toward a central line of gravity as speed increases. The side view shows good, strong drive in the rear and plenty of reach in the front, with head carried high. The topline should remain firm and the backline level as the dog moves.
Alert, with terrier-like qualities.
Any dog over 6 pounds in weight.
Broken down or cropped ears.
Cropped tail, bobtail.
In Long Coats, too thin coat that resembles bareness
Before selecting a puppy you should ask yourself some very important questions. First are you ready to commit yourself to being a responsible dog owner. Are all members in your family happy about getting a new puppy.
Male or Female?
tend to want to be with their owners more often, Females like things on
their own terms. Females are said to be gentler than males. Both sexes
are equally loving and loyal. Females are super watchdogs because they
are less likely to be distracted by outside forces.
What Age is Best?
Puppies are the most adorable at six weeks of age, but not the best age to bring a new puppy home. At six weeks they need constant care and attention. Most puppies that die when brought home are too young. A lot of pet stores and breeders sell puppies at six weeks so they don?t have the added expenses. Puppies should not be sold before nine weeks of age to insure health. I keep all my puppies until at least 9 weeks with only a few exceptions. Purchase a puppy when you feel it will be best for you. If you decide to buy an adult dog check his disposition carefully with all family members.
Purchasing a Puppy
your local newspapers for local breeders. Price of your AKC or purebred
puppy will be expensive but, you may be able to see several generations
of your dog?s ancestors. This will help insure health and will give you
a good indication of what your puppy will look and act like. A non
purebred dog can be a great dog as well, but a lot of the time health is
not as well and vet bills can get costly. Make sure you see both or at
least one of the puppy?s parents.
Signs of Good Health
*Plump and well-fed
*Ribs and hip bones should not protruding prominently
*A healthy puppy should have clear eyes and there should not be any discharge from eyes or nose
*Coat should be filling in nicely, without bare patches or obvious sores
*Should not have any sign of rash on inside of legs
*Check hearing, by making loud noise behind him
*Check gums, that they look health
Your Breeder should allow you a couple of days to get the puppy or dog to get checked out by your veterinarian for a health examination.
the time of sale, the breeder should furnish you with your purebred
puppy?s registration papers. For pet homes other papers can be provided.
THE FIRST DAY HOME WITH YOUR PUPPY YOU WILL NEED:
FOOD AND WATER BOWLS
BRUSH AND COMB
BED OR SLEEPING BOX
IRIS DOG PLAYPEN
COLLAR AND LEASH
Training should begin when a dog is young so that good habits are formed early in life. It is important to establish rules of the house, to be consistent in the enforcement of those rules, and to lavish the dog with praise as a reward for a job well done. Some breeders start basic training before puppies are sold. There are may helpful websites, books and even puppy classes that can assist you.
Good Luck in finding that perfect puppy or dog for you!
If you have any questions please feel free to email.
All my puppies leave our home with first and
second set of shots and worming.
They also receive
A Full Health Veterinary Inspection,
issued by the Veterinarian.
Haas Chihuahuas do not sell Teacup Chihuahuas, there is no such thing as a teacup. A Chihuahua is a Chihuahua.
~Taken from the Chihuahua Club Of America~
official A.K.C standard describes the Chihuahua as a small dog that
comes in two varieties or coat types. The difference in coat type (the
Long Coat or the Smooth Coat) is the only official description used to
identifiy a difference within this breed. Our standard does not
categorize the Chihuahua by size.
For the purpose of showing and record keeping, the American Kennel Club includes the Chihuahua (along with 16 other breeds) in the toy group. Therefore, irrespective of their weight or physical stature, ALL Chihuahuas registered with the A.K.C. are considered to be a toy breed of dog.
with all living things, there will be a size variance between
individual dogs within the breed. Look within the human family-brothers
and sisters will differ in height and in weight, as well as other
physical attributes. They are described as humans, male or female and
there is seldom if ever an need to break the description down further.
The same hold true in regard to the Chihuahua; they are Chihuahuas-Long
Coat/Smooth Coat, Male/Female.
the additional adjectives used to describe the size difference and
physical appearances are many; and have been misused for so long now
they seem legitimate. Teacup, Pocket size, Tiny Toy, miniature or
standard-are just a few of the many tags and labels that have been
attached to this breed over the years. The Chihuahuas Club Of America is concerned that these
terms may be used to entice prospective buyers into thinking that
puppies described in this way are of greater monetary value.
They are not and the use of these terms is incorrect and
Occasionally, within a litter, there may be a puppy that is usually
small. That puppy is a small Chihuahua and any other breakdown
in description is not correct. To attach any of these additional
labels to a particular pup is to misrepresent that animal as
something that is rare or exceptional and causes a great deal of
confusion among those fanciers who are looking for a Chihuahua.
The Chihuahua Club of America does not endorse or condone the
use of any of these terms and would caution the prospective
puppy buyer not to be misled by them.
We recognize that many Chihuahua fanciers do want the very
small puppy. While they are adorable and can be perfectly
healthy, the buyer should be cautioned as to the extra care that
may be required with regard to their general health and well being.